BEBAT was established in 1995 to gain an exemption from the Belgium government’s eco-tax. It became operational in 1996. The program is financed by a fee charged per battery on the market (€0.1239), which is set by the Government. Around 20,000 retail collection points have been established.
The eco-tax law (1993) has an exemption for any battery program that achieves set collection targets. Producers must pay a tax per battery unless they achieve a collection rate of 45% from 2010 and 50% from 2012 through an agreed collective or individual recycling system. All 3 regions have laws requiring mandatory take-back of batteries, in line with the EU Batteries Directive 2006/66/EC.